A Comprehensive Guide to PhD Degree: The Gateway to Academic Achievements

PhD courses

Pursuing a PhD degree is a great option if your academic pursuits inspire you and you’re hoping to advance your career with a professional degree. The full form of a PhD is Doctor of Philosophy, derived from the Latin word Philosophiae Doctor. 

What is a PhD?

A PhD is an internationally recognized degree that is awarded by universities or other higher education establishments to students who successfully complete a dissertation or thesis that is based on unique and original research in their areas of interest. Countries have different standards and specifications for the degree. Other than a handful, of course, it is the greatest degree that anyone in India may obtain.

Those who want to continue their education after earning a master’s degree typically decide to pursue a doctorate. A few universities might, nevertheless, let students enroll in the course after earning a bachelor’s degree. This is a quick overview of the steps involved in applying to PhD courses in India.

  • It is a three- to five-year, full-time program that requires students to submit papers that involve original research and are presented as a thesis or dissertation. 
  • In addition to submitting written documentation, candidates must complete the oral defense, or viva voce. Students are expected to defend their study in front of a panel of examiners, ranging from few to large.
  • Although the degree takes three to five years on average, other elements affect how long a degree takes, such as the field and significance of the research, experience, the amount of coursework required, the resources available, and the supervisor’s level of understanding. 

What You Should Know About PhD Admission

A candidate’s graduation and Master’s degree grades are typically taken into consideration when determining the prerequisites for admission to PhD courses. A bachelor’s or master’s degree with good academic distinction is often required for admission to most universities. Having an upper second-class honors degree is necessary for people who plan to pursue a PhD after graduating. The marks selected for a PhD degree differ depending on the university.

Before you receive formal admission, several universities and institutions ask you to locate a professor who will serve as your supervisor for the PhD program. However, the supervisor or tenured guide needs to belong to the institution or university from which you decide to pursue the degree. Even if your preferred university does not have any such prerequisites, it would be wise to speak with a faculty member before applying to the program to find out whether the requirements for the department are in line with your area of interest. Analyzing a few different research possibilities is an excellent strategy. Many Indian universities cater to the financial needs of applicants. Government organizations like the University Grants Commission (UGC) and the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) provide scholarships to students pursuing PhD programs in science as well as other fields.

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  • Previously, PhD courses through distance mode were available, but according to a notification that came from UGC in 2017, distance mode programs are no longer allowed. 
  • The entrance examinations to enroll in a PhD program in India are GATE, CSIR NET, JEST, and UGC NET. 
  • Leading universities and institutions offering PhD courses in India are the Indian Institute of Technology, Bangalore University, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Banaras Hindu University, University of Delhi, Calcutta University, Jamia Millia Islamia, and Delhi University. However, several other establishments provide students with the same range of research and development opportunities. 
  • The majority of national universities in India will accept the UGC Net scores for PhD admission starting in 2024–2025.

Process of admission

To obtain admission to a PhD course in India, a candidate needs to go through the following procedures:

To obtain admission in a PhD course in India, a candidate needs to go through the following steps:

  • Visit the official website of the university or academic institution to learn about the research programs offered and choose a relevant field of research.
  •  Watch for the dates of PhD entrance examinations published online or in newspapers, fill out the application form, and complete the registration.
  • Pay the fees along with the submission of the application form, and submit the documents that the university or the institution specifies. 
  • Some universities and institutions specify that candidates should submit a research proposal along with the application form, which is then submitted to the research wing for scrutiny. 
  • The candidates appear for the entrance tests and are shortlisted based on the scores they obtain.
  • They are then assigned supervisors or guides to complete the research.

Other Details


  • UGC Net Examination 2024 – June 16, 2024
  • Joint CSIR UGC Net Examination – 25, 26, and 27 June, 2024

PhD Eligibility

  • Applicants with a Master’s Degree in relevant subjects with a minimum 55% marks and who have cleared the national-level fellowship examination can obtain the degree through fellowship.
  • Master’s in relevant subjects with 55% marks need to clear the entrance examination for admission to the programs.


  • Minimum 3 years and upto 6 years.

Course Fees

The course fees for PhD programs in India might vary from one institution to another, but the maximum fees can be up to six lakhs.

All about the PhD course:

A PhD is one of the most advanced academic programs in India, and candidates opting for it need to conduct original research or may contribute to the existing work of scholars. Here is a quick overview of the course structure.

  • Coursework corresponding to the selected area of research where the primary focus should be on independent investigation.
  • The next step is the submission of a research proposal, in which the candidate must specify the chosen topic of research and the context of previous work. In addition, it must emphasize the current debates on the subject, accurate analysis, knowledge gaps, and how relevant research can help fill them appropriately. It should also explain the intent of the research and discuss its discuss its practical implications in the real world.
  • Once the proposal is submitted and accepted by the supervisor, you need to begin with penning the thesis, which entails extensive study and data analysis.
  • The final stage is presenting and defending the research in front of a panel of experts or examiners.
  • PhD courses are available in humanities, science, engineering, commerce, law, business and management, and teaching and education. 

Other requirements

Some PhD courses in India may require candidates to possess the following:

  1. Language skills

You must present the results of a standardized language test or have already finished graduate and postgraduate studies in the relevant language if you intend to conduct and submit your research in a different language.

  • References / Academic proof

Some universities require candidates to submit academic transcripts and the details of research projects they have conducted. Apart from this, applicants may need to provide references from people who are familiar with them in an academic context. 

Scope of PhD programmes:

Possessing a PhD in India provides access to several professional options and facilitates significant societal contributions. Here are the diverse career opportunities that students can explore:

  • Research analysts in multiple academic disciplines.
  • Professors and associate professors mentoring students in colleges and universities.
  • Working in the R&D departments of several corporations and helping in the development of products and solutions.
  • Policymakers in government and private organizations offering solutions to critical issues.
  • Working in government research organizations and conducting research on matters of national importance, public policies, and national security.

So, are you a postgraduate or a graduate trying to take the next big leap in your career? A constructive approach may aid in making adequate progress. However, to steer ahead easily and complete the academic research within the deadline, connect with Decode DNA for PhD thesis writing services and enrich your career. Check our website to obtain more details.

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